A question that many people ask is ‘how big is Canada’? Most people know Canada is really big, but just how big is big? We have the answer! Here are some interesting facts that you may not have known about this huge country.
So, just how big is Canada?
Canada is the world’s second largest country behind Russia. According to Canada FAQ the country covers an area of 3.8 million square miles (9.9 million square kilometres), which means over 40 United Kingdoms could fit into Canada.
Canada is so big that it is surrounded by three oceans; the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Arctic, and its stunning coastline is 151,473 miles long.
The longest undefended border
Those heading on a Canadian holiday may also be surprised to learn that the border between the US and Canada is the longest undefended border in the world.
Standing at 5,525 miles long, the border between the two countries is longer than the biggest river in the world – the Nile, which is 4,258 miles long.
British Columbia is bigger than New Zealand
British Columbia is a vast province in Canada and many people who live there rarely get to see all of its natural beauty because it is so big.
British Columbia is 944,735 square kilometres in size, but this means nothing if you don’t have a basis for comparison.
So to help demonstrate just how big British Columbia is, we used MAPfrappe to compare it to other countries.
British Columbia is not even the biggest province in Canada. It is fifth on the list of largest provinces. Nunavut (2,093,190 km²), Quebec (1,542,056 km²), Northwest Territories (1,346,106 km²) and Ontario (1,076,395 km²) are all bigger.
Canadian Horseshoe Falls can fill an Olympic swimming pool in seconds
According to Niagara Falls Live, a staggering 600,000 US gallons of water tumble over the Canadian Horseshoe Falls – the most recognisable of the falls – every second. That means it can virtually fill an Olympic-size swimming pool, which usually holds 660,000 US gallons, in one second.
If you add up the amount of water that tumbles over all three waterfalls at the Niagara Falls over five minutes, then the volume of water would fill up around 341 Olympic swimming pools.
However, two hydroelectric plants draw water from the American Falls & Bridal Veil Falls at the Niagara Falls, meaning that the actual volume of water that flows over these falls varies. It is estimated that 150,000 US gallons of water flows over these falls every second.
The tallest building in Canada
Standing at 553.33m high, the CN Tower in Toronto is Canada’s tallest building and is also one of its most recognisable attractions. It’s almost double the height of the UK’s tallest building, the Shard, and more than five times taller than Big Ben.
Over 2.5 million people visit the attraction every year to get the best views over Toronto. There are a few hardy souls that even take a walk outside at the top of the building on the famous Edge Walk.
Rounding off the top five tallest structures in Canada are the Inco Superstack (380m), First Canadian Place (355m including antenna), Commerce Court West (287m including antenna) and the Trump International Hotel and Tower (277m).
Canada’s largest national park
The Wood Buffalo National Park is Canada’s largest national park and is also the second largest protected area in the world.
The national park is 44,807 square kilometres in size, making it twice as big as Wales (20,761 square kilometres) and roughly the same size of Denmark (42,925 square kilometres).
The largest population of wood bison
As you will have gathered, the Wood Buffalo National Park seems to do everything on a grand scale, and as an article on IUCN reports, it is also home to the world’s largest free roaming herd of wood bison.
The Parks Canada website says that the herd of wood bison stands at around 5,000 and this means there is a higher population of wood bison in this national park than the entire human population of the Vatican City, which is 451.
The park also boasts the world’s largest beaver dam in the wetlands between the Birch Mountain highlands and the Peace Athabasca Delta.
Largest city in Canada
The largest city in Canada is Toronto, with a population of 2.6 million. Montreal (1.6 million) and Calgary (just over one million) round out the top three largest cities in the country.